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Please read the below given text for solving questions from 4 to 8
In each question below isgiven a statement followed by two courses
of action I and II. A course of actionis a step or administrative decision to be taken for
improvement, follow-up orfurther action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. on the
basis of theinformation given in the statement. You have to assume everything in
thestatement to be true, then decide which of the given suggested courses of action(5)
logically follows for pursuing.
Give answer (1): if only I follows.
Give answer (2): if only II follows.
Give answer (3): if either I or II follows.
Give answer (4): if neither I nor II follows.
Please read the below given text for solving questions from 10 to 19
Fleas are perfectly designed by nature to feast on anything containing blood. Like a shark in thewater or a wolf in the woods, fleas are ideally equipped to do what they do, making them very difficult to
defeat. The bodies of these tiny parasites are extremely hardy and well-suited for their job.
A flea has a very hard exoskeleton, which means the body is covered by a tough, tile-like plate
called a sclerite. Because of these plates, fleas are almost impossible to squish. The exoskeletons of
fleas are also waterproof and shock resistant, and therefore fleas are highly resistant to the sprays and
chemicals used to kill them.
Little spines are attached to this plate. The spines lie flat against the flea’s thin, narrow body as
the flea scurries through an animal’s fur in search of food. However, if anything (like fingers or a self-
grooming pet) tries to pull a flea off through the hair coat, these spines will extend and stick to the fur like
Fleas are some of the best jumpers in the natural world. A flea can jump seven inches, or 150
times its own length, either vertically or horizontally. An equivalent jump for a person would be 555 feet,
the height of the Washington Monument. Fleas can jump 30,000 times in a row without stopping, and they
are able to accelerate through the air at an incredibly high rate—a rate which is over ten times what
humans can withstand in an airplane.
Fleas have very long rear legs with huge thigh muscles and multiple joints. When they get ready
to jump, they fold their long legs up and crouch like a runner on a starting block. Several of their joints
contain a protein called resilin, which helps catapult fleas into the air as they jump, similar to the way a
rubber band provides momentum to a slingshot. Outward facing claws on the bottom of their legs grip
anything they touch when they land.
The adult female flea mates after her first blood meal and begins producing eggs in just 1 to 2
days. One flea can lay up to 50 eggs in one day and over 2,000 in her lifetime. Flea eggs can be seen
with the naked eye, but they are about the size of a grain of salt. Shortly after being laid, the eggs begin
to transform into cocoons. In the cocoon state, fleas are fully developed adults, and will hatch immediately
if conditions are favorable. Fleas can detect warmth, movement, and carbon dioxide in exhaled breath,
and these three factors stimulate them to emerge as new adults. If the flea does not detect appropriate
conditions, it can remain dormant in the cocoon state for extended periods. Under ideal conditions, the
entire life cycle may only take 3 weeks, so in no time at all, pets and homes can become infested.
Because of these characteristics, fleas are intimidating opponents. The best way to control fleas,
therefore, is to take steps to prevent an infestation from ever occurring.
The primary purpose of the passage is to
educate the reader about the physical characteristics of fleas
compare fleas to other members of the animal kingdom
relate the problems that can result from a flea infestation
explain why a flea infestation is hard to get rid of
According to the passage, fleas are resistant to sprays and chemicals because they
have waterproof sclerites
are excellent jumpers
reproduce very rapidly
can stick to fur like Velcro
According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
Fleas extend their little spines if threatened.
Fleas have the ability to jump higher than humans.
Humans can jump higher if they consume foods containing resilin.
The resilin found in fleas is used to make rubber bands.
Based on information in the passage, the reader can understand that
fleas will die without access to blood
fleas survive at a higher rate in outdoor habitats
fleas will die after they produce 2,000 eggs
newly hatched fleas are the size of a grain of salt
The author mentions the Washington Monument in order to
estimate the extreme distance that a flea is able to jump
illustrate a comparison made between fleas and humans
clarify a point made regarding fleas and acceleration
demonstrate the superiority of fleas over humans
It can be inferred that fleas will emerge from eggs as adults
when they outgrow the cocoon
after a period of 3 weeks
when they sense there is access to blood
if there is too much carbon dioxide in the cocoon
Using the information in the passage as a guide, it can be concluded that
A. humans do not possess the physical characteristics of the flea because they have no use for
humans do not pay much attention to fleas because they do not pose a serious threat
fleas have many physical advantages, although these are outweighed by their many
fleas are designed in such a way as to give them unique physical advantages in life
Please read the below given text for solving question 20
Each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and give answer. (i) If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
(ii) If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.
(iii) If the data in both statements I and II even together are not sufficient to answer the question.
(iv) If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.